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USA Suicide Statistics from 2014

Below is final 2014 data from the American Association of Suicidology.  You can also read the entire document through the attachment below.

U.S.A. SUICIDE: 2014 OFFICIAL FINAL DATA
Number Per Day Rate % of Deaths Group (Number of Suicides) Rate
Nation ...................................... 42,773 ............ 117.2 ............ 13.4 ............. 1.6 White Male (29,971) .......................24.1
Males ....................................... 33,113 .............. 90.7 ............ 21.1 ............. 2.5 White Female (8,704) ...................... 6.9
Females ...................................... 9,660 .............. 26.5 .............. 6.0 ............. 0.7 Nonwhite Male (3,136) .................... 9.6
Whites ...................................... 38,675 ............ 106.0 ............ 15.4 ............. 1.7 Nonwhite Female (956) ................... 2.7
Nonwhites .................................. 4,098 .............. 11.2 .............. 6.0 ............. 1.1 Black Male (1,946) ....................... 9.2
Blacks ..................................... 2,421 ................ 6.6 .............. 5.5 ............. 0.8 Black Female (475) ...................... 2.1
Elderly (65+ yrs.) ....................... 7,693 .............. 21.1 ............ 16.6 ............. 0.4 Hispanic (3,244) .............................. 5.9
Young (15-24 yrs.) ..................... 5,079 .............. 13.9 ............ 11.6 ............17.6 Native Americans (489) ..................10.8
Middle Aged (45-64 yrs.) ........ 16,294 .............. 44.6 ............ 19.5 ............. 3.1 Asian/Pacific Islanders (1,188) ........ 6.1
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Fatal Outcomes (Suicides): a minimal rate increase was seen from 2013 to 2014, continuing the recent rate increases after long-term trends of decline
• Average of 1 person every 12.3 minutes killed themselves
• Average of 1 old person every 1 hour and 8 minutes killed themselves
• Average of 1 young person every 1 hour and 44 minutes killed themselves. (If the 428 suicides below age 15 are included,
1 young person every 1 hour and 35 minutes) Leading Causes of Death 15-24 yrs
• 10th ranking cause of death in U.S.— 2nd for young ------------------------------------------------------------->> Cause Number Rate
• 3.4 male deaths by suicide for each female death by suicide All Causes 28,791 65.5
• Suicide ranks 10th as a cause of death; Homicide ranks 17th_______________________________ | 1-Accidents 11,836 26.9
Nonfatal Outcomes (Attempts) (figures are estimates): | 2-Suicide 5,079 11.5
• 1,069,325 annual attempts in U.S. (using 25:1 ratio); 2014 SAMHSA study: 1.1 million adults (18 and up) | 3-Homicide 4,144 9.4
• Translates to one attempt every 30 seconds (based on 1,069,325 attempts) [1.1 million = 1 every 29 seconds] | 10-14 yrs 425 2.1
• 25 attempts for every death by suicide for nation (one estimate); 100-200:1 for young; 4:1 for elderly | 15-19 yrs 1,834 8.7
• 3 female attempts for each male attempt | 20-24 yrs 3,245 14.2
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Survivors ("know someone who died by suicide") and Suicide Loss Survivors (those bereaved of suicide): † (figures are estimates)
°Recent (Cerel, 2015) research-based estimate suggests that for each death by suicide  147 people are exposed (6.3 million annually), and among those, 18 experience a major life disruption (loss survivors; earlier, non-research based estimates were 6)
• If each suicide has devastating effects and intimately affects 18 other people, there are over 750,000 loss survivors a year
• Based on the 838,373 suicides from 1990 through 2014, therefore, the number of survivors of suicide loss in the U.S. is 15.09 million (1 of every 21 Americans in 2014); number grew by 769,914 in 2014
• If there is a suicide every 12.3 minutes, then there are 18 new loss survivors every 12.3 minutes as well
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Suicide Methods Number Rate Percent of Total Number Rate Percent of Total
Firearm suicides (1st) 21,334 6.7 49.9% All but Firearms 21,439 6.7 50.1%
Suffocation/Hanging (2nd) 11,407 3.6 26.7% Poisoning (3rd) 6,808 2.1 15.9%
Cut/pierce (5th) 740 0.2 1.7% Drowning (7th) 372 0.1 0.9%
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U.S.A. Suicide Rates 2004-2014 || 15 Leading Causes of Death in the U.S.A., 2014
Group/ (Rates per 100,000 population) Group/ || (total of 2,626,418 deaths; 823.7 rate)
Age 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 Age || Rank & Cause of Death Rate Deaths
5-14 0.7 0.7 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.8 1.0 1.0 5-14 || 1 Diseases of heart (heart disease) 192.7 614,348
15-24 10.3 10.0 9.9 9.7 10.0 10.1 10.5 11.0 11.1 11.1 11.6 15-24 || 2 Malignant neoplasms (cancer) 185.6 591,699
25-34 12.7 12.4 12.3 13.0 12.9 12.8 14.0 14.6 14.7 14.8 15.1 25-34 || 3 Chronic lower respiratory diseases 46.1 147,101
35-44 15.0 14.9 15.1 15.6 15.9 16.1 16.0 16.2 16.7 16.2 16.6 35-44 || 4 Accidents (unintentional injury) 42.7 136,053
45-54 16.6 16.5 17.2 17.7 18.7 19.3 19.6 19.8 20.0 19.7 20.2 45-54 || 5 Cerebrovascular diseases (stroke) 41.7 133,103
55-64 13.8 13.9 14.5 15.5 16.3 16.7 17.5 17.1 18.0 18.1 18.8 55-64 || 6 Alzheimer’s disease 29.3 93,541
65-74 12.3 12.6 12.6 12.6 13.9 14.0 13.7 14.1 14.0 15.0 15.6 65-74 || 7 Diabetes mellitus (diabetes) 24.0 76,488
75-84 16.3 16.9 15.9 16.3 16.0 15.7 15.7 16.5 16.8 17.1 17.5 75-84 || 8 Influenza & pneumonia 17.3 55,227
85+ 16.4 16.9 15.9 15.6 15.6 15.6 17.6 16.9 17.8 18.6 19.3 85+ || 9 Nephritis, nephrosis (kidney disease) 15.1 48,146
65+ 14.3 14.7 14.2 14.3 14.8 14.8 14.9 15.3 15.4 16.1 16.6 65+ || 10 Suicide [Intentional Self-Harm] 13.4 42,773
Total 11.0 11.0 11.1 11.5 11.8 12.0 12.4 12.7 12.9 13.0 13.4 Total || 11 Septicemia 12.2 38,940
Men 17.7 17.7 17.8 18.3 19.0 19.2 20.0 20.2 20.6 20.6 21.1 Men || 12 Chronic liver disease and cirrhosis 12.0 38,170
Women 4.6 4.5 4.6 4.8 4.9 5.0 5.2 5.4 5.5 5.7 6.0 Women || 13 Essential hypertension and renal disease 9.5 30,221
White 12.3 12.3 12.4 12.9 13.3 13.5 14.1 14.5 14.8 14.9 15.4 White || 14 Parkinson's disease 8.2 26,150
Nonwh 5.8 5.5 5.5 5.6 5.7 5.8 5.8 5.8 6.1 6.0 6.0 NonWh || 15 Pneumonitis due to solids and liquids 5.9 18,792
Black 5.2 5.1 4.9 4.9 5.2 5.1 5.1 5.3 5.5 5.4 5.5 Black || - All other causes (Residual) 168.0 535,666
45-64 15.4 15.3 16.0 16.7 17.5 18.0 18.6 18.6 19.1 19.0 19.5 45-64 || Homicide (ranks 17th) 5.0 15,809
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• Old made up 14.5% of 2014 population but 18.0% of the suicides • Young were 13.8% of 2014 population and 11.9% of the suicides •
• Middle Aged were 26.2% of the 2014 population but were 38.1% of the suicides •
1,209,703* Years of Potential Life Lost Before Age 75 (39,186 of 42,773 suicides are below age 75)
* alternate YPLL figure (CDC): 1,206,515 using individual years in calculations rather than 10-year age groups as above.
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Many figures appearing here are derived or calculated from data in the following official data sources: downloaded 18 December 2015 from CDC’s website:
http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/products/nvsr.htm and the multiple cause data file at http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data_access/Vitalstatsonline.htm. Some figures derived or calculated from data at the CDC’s WISQARS Fatal Injuries Report site: http://www.cdc.gov/injury/wisqars/fatal_injury_reports.html, downloaded 18 Dec 2015.
SAMHSA 2014 study (2015): Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality. (2015). Behavioral health trends in the United States: Results from the 2014 National Survey on Drug Use and Health (HHS Publication No. SMA 15-4927, NSDUH Series H-50). Retrieved from http://www.samhsa.gov/ data/
Cerel, J. (2015, April 18). We are all connected in suicidology: The continuum of "survivorship." Plenary presentation at the 48th annual conference of the American Association of Suicidology, Atlanta GA. [data from Cerel, Brown, Maple, Bush, van de Venne, Moore, & Flaherty, in progress; personal communication 20 Dec 2015]
† Cerel, J., McIntosh, J.L., Neimeyer, R. A., Maple, M., & Marshall, D. (2014). The continuum of "survivorship": Definitional issues in the aftermath of suicide. Suicide & Life-Threatening Behavior, 44(6), 591-600.
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suicide rate = (number of suicides by group / population of group) X 100,000 Suicide Data Page: 2014
Prepared for AAS by Christopher W. Drapeau, M.A., & John L. McIntosh, Ph.D. 20 December 2015 • Revised 22 December 2015
Rate, Number, and Ranking of Suicide for Each U.S.A. State*, 2014
Rank State [Division / Region] Deaths Rate
1 Montana [M / West] 251 24.5
2 Alaska [P / West] 167 22.7
3 New Mexico [M / West] 449 21.5
4 Wyoming [M / West] 120 20.5
5 Colorado [M / West] 1,083 20.2
5 Nevada [M / West] 573 20.2
7 Vermont [NE / Northeast] 124 19.8
8 Oregon [P / West] 782 19.7
9 Idaho [M / West] 320 19.6
10 West Virginia [SA / South] 359 19.4
11 Utah [M / West] 559 19.0
11 Oklahoma [WSC / South] 736 19.0
13 New Hampshire [NE / Northeast] 247 18.6
14 North Dakota [WNC / Midwest] 137 18.5
14 Arizona [M / West] 1,244 18.5
16 Arkansas [WSC / South] 515 17.4
17 Missouri [WNC / Midwest] 1,017 16.8
18 Maine [NE / Northeast] 220 16.5
18 South Dakota [WNC / Midwest] 141 16.5
18 Kentucky [ESC / South] 727 16.5
21 Washington [P / West] 1,119 15.9
22 Kansas [WNC / Midwest] 455 15.7
23 South Carolina [SA / South] 753 15.6
24 Florida [SA / South] 3,035 15.3
25 Alabama [ESC / South] 715 14.7
26 Louisiana [WSC / South] 679 14.6
27 Tennessee [ESC / South] 948 14.5
28 Hawaii [P / West] 204 14.4
28 Indiana [ENC / Midwest] 948 14.4
30 Pennsylvania [MA / Northeast] 1,817 14.2
31 Michigan [ENC / Midwest] 1,354 13.7
32 North Carolina [SA / South] 1,351 13.6
33 Virginia [SA / South] 1,122 13.5
33 Delaware [SA / South] 126 13.5
Nation 42,773 13.4
35 Wisconsin [ENC / Midwest] 769 13.4
36 Nebraska [WNC / Midwest] 251 13.3
37 Iowa [WNC / Midwest] 407 13.1
38 Ohio [ENC / Midwest] 1,491 12.9
39 Georgia [SA / South] 1,294 12.8
40 Mississippi [ESC / South] 380 12.7
41 Minnesota [WNC / Midwest] 686 12.6
42 Texas [WSC / South] 3,254 12.1
43 California [P / West] 4,214 10.9
43 Illinois [ENC / Midwest] 1,398 10.9
45 Rhode Island [NE / Northeast] 113 10.7
46 Connecticut [NE / Northeast] 379 10.5
47 Maryland [SA / South] 606 10.1
48 Massachusetts [NE / Northeast] 596 8.8
48 New Jersey [MA / Northeast] 786 8.8
50 New York [MA / Northeast] 1,700 8.6
51 District of Columbia [SA / South] 52 7.9
Caution: Annual fluctuations in state levels combined with often relatively small populations can make these data highly variable. The use of several years’ data is preferable to conclusions based on single years alone.
Suggested citation: Drapeau, C. W., & McIntosh, J. L. (for the American Association of Suicidology). (2015). U.S.A. suicide 2014: Official final data. Washington, DC: American Association of Suicidology, dated December 22, 2015, downloaded from http://www.suicidology.org.
Division [Abbreviation] Rate Number
Mountain [M] ........................................ 19.8 ........... 4,599
East South Central [ESC] ...................... 14.7 ........... 2,770
West North Central [WNC] ................... 14.7 ........... 3,094
South Atlantic [SA] ............................... 13.9 ........... 8,698
West South Central [WSC] ................... 13.5 ........... 5,184
Nation ................................................... 13.4 ......... 42,773
East North Central [ENC] ..................... 12.8 ........... 5,960
Pacific [P] .............................................. 12.5 ........... 6,486
New England [NE] ................................ 11.4 ........... 1,679
Middle Atlantic [MA] ........................... 10.4 ........... 4,303
Region [Subdivision Abbreviations] Rate Number
West (M, P) ........................................... 14.7 ......... 11,085
South (ESC, WSC, SA) ......................... 13.9 ......... 16,652
Midwest (WNC, ENC) .......................... 13.4 ........... 9,054
Nation ................................................... 13.4 ......... 42,773
Northeast (NE, MA) .............................. 10.7 ........... 5,982
Source: Obtained 18 December 2015 from CDC/NCHS’s Mortality in the United States: 2014 Public Use File and Web Tables (released and accessed 18 December 2015; Table 19) (to appear in Deaths: Final Data for 2014, forthcoming) http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/products/nvsr.htm
[Note: Divisional and regional figures were calculated from state data.] Some figures derived or calculated from data at the CDC’s WISQARS Fatal Injuries Report site downloaded 18 December 2015: http://www.cdc.gov/injury/wisqars/fatal_injury_reports.html.
[data are by place of residence]
[Suicide = ICD-10 Codes X60-X84, Y87.0, U03]
Note: All rates are per 100,000 population.
* Including the District of Columbia.
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Suicide State Data Page: 2014
20 December 2015 Revised 22 December 2015
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Prepared by Christopher W. Drapeau, M.A.
and John L. McIntosh, Ph.D. for
American Association
of Suicidology
5221 Wisconsin Avenue, N.W.
Washington, DC 20015
(202) 237-2280
“to understand and prevent suicide
as a means of promoting human well-being”
-------------------------------------
Visit the AAS website at:
http://www.suicidology.org
For other suicide data, and an archive of state data, visit the website below and click on the dropdown “Suicide Stats” menu:
http://pages.iu.edu/~jmcintos/
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